Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a condition where the body cannot maintain normal blood sugar levels. Blood sugar levels are controlled in the body by a hormone called insulin. Insulin is responsible for moving blood sugar into the cells. When the body does not produce enough insulin or the body does not respond normally to insulin, the blood sugar cannot move into the cells. This causes the blood sugar level in the blood to rise. There are three main types of diabetes:
Symptoms of Diabetes Include:
Diabetes can also occur without symptoms. Therefore, it is important for all individuals to be tested for diabetes. Diabetes can be diagnosed with a simple blood test that measures the blood sugar level. Diabetes is present when the fasting blood sugar is greater than 125 mg/dL. Pre-diabetes is present when the blood sugar is between 100-125 mg/dL. Persons with pre-diabetes are at high risk for developing diabetes in the future.
Type 1 diabetes often develops in young individuals and is due to failure of the pancreas to make insulin. The pancreas is the organ in the body that makes insulin. Type 2 diabetes can happen in young or old persons. This type of diabetes is often due to the body not responding normally to insulin.
For more risk reduction information:
Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes Include:
Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes Include:
Complications of Diabetes Include:
Treatments for Diabetes Include:
The Center for Lifestyle Medicine can help you manage your weight; evaluate and manage your risk factors for major life-threatening chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke; and recommend ways to change your behavior that suits your needs and personality. The Center for Lifestyle Medicine team includes physicians, dietitians and a health psychologist. For appointments, call 312-695-2300.